History of Barangay Uddiawan
Long, long time ago, this Barangay has been known by a native name “Bato’t Pinki” according to some old folks who are still alive today. The name was derived from the two big rocks that were found near the school called “Bato’t Pinki”. This was the name given until sometime in 1914 when Don Joaquin Velasquez, a migrant from Cervantes, Ilocos Sur, a good hunter, and a pioneer in this province, thought of hunting on the western part near the hills and a thick forest.
During those days, the Christian people of Nueva Vizcaya were afraid to go beyond their vicinity because it was too risky to wander around the nearby towns due to savage headhunters hiding everywhere. Hunters at the time were only few because some of them can no longer be seen by their families after reaching the territories of the headhunters. Despite of the danger, Don Joaquin Velasquez as saddled his favorite horse with fighting spirit, headed on until reaching the place where the Ifugaos resided. After his hazardous journey, he reached a wide meadow and was impressed by the sight of the crystal-like creek winding down the mountainside.
Late that afternoon, he was able to shoot a very big, fat wild boar. The loud sound of the gun frightened the headhunters who were then hiding around. Due to curiosity, the native searched for the source of the sound, but Don Joaquin who was sitting near the dead pig saw them. He became alert and awaited for their attack. Suddenly, some unclothe men appeared in front of him armed with shining sharp spears and bow and arrows on their backs. Don Joaquin thought of befriending them. Therefore, he made a friendly gesture by stretching his right arm as a sign of handshake with them. The natives led by the father of the Late Pahgad Pale. Understood his gesture and they appreciated it.
Don Joaquin tried to captivate their attention more intently. He put another cartridge in his gun after removing the capsule unnoticed by his new friends. He called the chieftain and gave his gun. He told the chieftain to shoot him, but the chieftain did not agree. He gestured to him that he won’t be killed and so the chieftain finally agreed. Don Joaquin went a little far and stood firm ready to be shot. The chieftain shoots him. Don Joaquin pretended to catch the bullet and showed it to the natives. The Ifugaos were amazed and wondered how he did it. Don Joaquin dared the chieftain to be shot, too, but he gestured that he did not. As a sign of their friendship and acquaintances, Don Joaquin led the group in butchering the pig. He gave half of it to them including the intestines.
From that time on, their friendship started, they permitted Don Joaquin to hunt in their place anytime he liked. The Ifugaos went up the hills and left the plains when the newly arrived Christians settled in the area. These pioneering settlers were called by Don Joaquin Velasquez from nearby provinces; He did not stop inviting other settlers for the place was so abundant with rich natural resources and promising for a living. He supervised the settlers turn the meadows into wide productive fields. He led them in constructing irrigation canals from the Bintawan River sloping down the hills.
A year after, the news about newly discovered land has spread and reached the Ilocos Region, Abra, Pangasinan, Nueva Ecija, Tarlac, Cagayan and Bulacan provinces. Many families traveled the high mountains to reach the place until the place was almost settled on. Don Joaquin who became the first captain of the place, was so happy when more people came and asked for a share of the land. He told them “Mangdappat kayo, ngem ti maudi maawanan”. From this phrase, the word “Udi Awan” was coined into what is now known as “UDDIAWAN”.
In the Provincial map, Uddiawan is located on the western part of the Municipality of Solano with Barangay San Luis, Lactawan and Tucal. On the eastern part lies Barangay Aggub. On the northern part is Barangay San Juan. On the southern part are Barangay Bangaan, and Wacal. Barangay Uddiawan is nestled at the foot of the famous Cordillera Mountain and surrounded on the east with hills and mountains. It consists of Sitios Mapaina, Salamague, Santo Domingo (now Brgy. San Juan), Tanap, Santol and Commonal. Lately, Commonal became a separate Barangay. Barangay Uddiawan is now divided into seven (7) puroks. In area, it is one of the biggest barangays of the Solano with total land area of Five Hundred Fifteen (515 hectares registered arable land which is almost three-fourth of the place.